|9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2015
|Share-based Compensation [Abstract]
(2) Stock-Based Compensation
Liberty grants, to certain of its directors, employees and employees of its subsidiaries, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock options and stock appreciation rights ("SARs") to purchase shares of its common stock (collectively, "Awards"). The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an equity classified Award (such as stock options and restricted stock) based on the grant-date fair value of the Award, and recognizes that cost over the period during which the employee is required to provide service (usually the vesting period of the Award). The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for a liability classified Award (such as SARs that will be settled in cash) based on the current fair value of the Award, and remeasures the fair value of the Award at each reporting date.
Included in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations are the following amounts of stock-based compensation, a portion of which relates to SIRIUS XM, as discussed below:
During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company granted a total of approximately 2.4 million options to purchase shares of Series C common stock. A portion of the options granted was comprised of 676 thousand options with a weighted average grant-date fair value (“GDFV”) of $10.86 per share that vest annually over 3 years and 1.3 million options with a weighted average GDFV of $15.52 per share that vest 50% each on December 31, 2019 and 2020.
In connection with our CEO’s employment agreement, Liberty also granted 420 thousand performance-based options of Series C common stock and 34 thousand performance-based restricted stock units of Series C common stock. Such options and restricted stock units had a fair value of $12.15 per share and $38.20 per share, respectively, at the time they were granted. The performance-based options and performance-based restricted stock units cliff vest in one year, subject to satisfaction of certain performance objectives. Performance objectives, which are both objective and subjective, are considered in determining the timing and amount of the compensation expense recognized. As the satisfaction of the performance objectives becomes probable, the Company records compensation expense. The value of the subjective portion of the grant is remeasured at each reporting period.
The Company did not grant any options to purchase Series A or Series B common stock during the nine months ended September 30, 2015.
Liberty calculates the GDFV for all of its equity classified awards and the subsequent remeasurement of its liability classified and certain performance-based Awards using the Black-Scholes Model. Liberty estimates the expected term of the Awards based on historical exercise and forfeiture data. The volatility used in the calculation for Awards is based on the historical volatility of Liberty common stock and the implied volatility of publicly traded Liberty options. Liberty uses a zero dividend rate and the risk-free rate for Treasury Bonds with a term similar to that of the subject Awards.
The following tables present the number and weighted average exercise price ("WAEP") of Awards to purchase Liberty common stock granted to certain officers, employees and directors of the Company and certain Awards of employees of Starz.
As of September 30, 2015, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested Awards was approximately $64 million. Such amount will be recognized in the Company's condensed consolidated statements of operations over a weighted average period of approximately 3.1 years.
As of September 30, 2015, Liberty reserved 14.4 million shares of Series A and Series C common stock for issuance under exercise privileges of outstanding stock Awards.
SIRIUS XM - Stock-based Compensation
SIRIUS XM granted various types of stock awards to its employees and members of its board of directors during the nine months ended September 30, 2015. As of September 30, 2015, SIRIUS XM has approximately 316 million options outstanding of which approximately 130 million are exercisable, each with a weighted-average exercise price per share of $3.14 and $2.45, respectively. The aggregate intrinsic value of SIRIUS XM options outstanding and exercisable as of September 30, 2015 is $216 million and $178 million, respectively. The stock-based compensation expense related to SIRIUS XM was $41 million and $39 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively and $115 million and $110 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. As of September 30, 2015, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested SIRIUS XM stock options and restricted stock units was $236 million. The SIRIUS XM unrecognized compensation cost will be recognized in the Company's condensed consolidated statements of operations over a weighted average period of approximately 2.8 years.