|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2014
|Long-term Debt, Unclassified [Abstract]|
Debt is summarized as follows:
Liberty 1.375% Cash Convertible Notes due 2023
On October 17, 2013 Liberty issued $1 billion aggregate principal amount of 1.375% Cash Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 ("Convertible Notes"). The Convertible Notes will mature on October 15, 2023 unless earlier repurchased by us or converted. Interest on the Convertible Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on April 15 and October 15 of each year at a rate of 1.375% per annum. All conversion of the Convertible Notes will be settled solely in cash, and not through the delivery of any securities. The initial conversion rate for the Convertible Notes was 5.5882 shares of Liberty Series A common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Notes, which was equivalent to an initial conversion price of $178.95 per share of Liberty Series A common stock. During the year ended December 31, 2014, in connection with the issuance of Liberty Series C common stock and the Broadband Spin-Off, as discussed in note 1, the conversion rate was adjusted to 21.0859 shares of Liberty Series A common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Notes and an adjusted conversion price of $47.43 per share of Liberty Series A common stock. Holders of the Convertible Notes may convert their notes at their option at any time prior to the close of business on the second business day immediately preceding the maturity date of the notes under the following circumstances: (1) during any fiscal quarter after the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2013, if the last reported sale price of our Series A common stock for at least 20 trading days in the period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter is equal to or more than 130% of the conversion price of the notes on the last day of such preceding fiscal quarter; (2) during the five day period after any five consecutive trading day period, which we refer to as the measurement period, in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of notes for each trading day of that measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of our Series A common stock and the applicable conversion rate on each such day; or (3) upon the occurrence of specified corporate transactions. Liberty has elected to account for this instrument using the fair value option. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of this instrument are recognized as unrealized gains (losses) in the statements of operations. As of December 31, 2014, the Convertible Notes are classified as a long term liability in the consolidated balance sheets, as the conversion conditions have not been met as of such date.
Additionally, contemporaneously with the issuance of the Convertible Notes, Liberty entered into privately negotiated cash convertible note hedges and purchased call options (the “Bond Hedge Transaction”). The Bond Hedge Transaction covered approximately 5,588,200 shares of Liberty Series A common stock, subject to anti-dilution adjustments pertaining to the Convertible Notes, which was equal to the number of shares of Liberty Series A common stock that initially underlying the Convertible Notes. The Bond Hedge Transaction is expected to offset potential cash payments Liberty would be required to make in excess of the principal amount of the Convertible Notes, upon conversion of the notes in the event that the volume-weighted average price per share of the Liberty Series A common stock, as measured under the cash convertible note hedge transactions on each trading day of the relevant cash settlement averaging period or other relevant valuation period, is greater than the strike price of $178.95 per share of Liberty Series A common stock, which corresponded to the initial conversion price of the Convertible Notes. During the year ended December 31, 2014, in connection with the issuance of Liberty Series C common stock and the Broadband Spin-Off, as discussed in note 1, the number of shares covered by the Bond Hedge Transaction was adjusted to 21,085,900 shares of Liberty Series A common stock and the strike price was adjusted to $47.43 per share of Liberty Series A common stock, which corresponds to the adjusted conversion price of the Convertible Notes. Liberty paid approximately $299 million for the Bond Hedge Transaction. The bond hedge expires on October 15, 2023 and is included in other long-term assets as of December 31, 2014 and 2013 in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, with changes in the fair value recorded in the Unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net line item of the statements of operations.
Concurrently with the Convertible Notes and Bond Hedge Transaction, Liberty also entered into separate privately negotiated warrant transactions under which Liberty sold warrants relating to the same number of shares of common stock as underlie the Bond Hedge Transaction, subject to anti-dilution adjustments. The warrant transactions may have a dilutive effect with respect to the Liberty Series A common stock to the extent that the price of the Liberty Series A common stock exceeds the strike price of the warrant transactions and warrant transactions are settled with shares of Liberty Series A common stock. The first expiration date of the warrants is January 16, 2024 and expire over a period covering 81 days thereafter. Liberty may elect to settle its delivery obligation under the warrant transactions with cash. Liberty received approximately $170 million in proceeds for the sale of warrants. The issuance of the warrants were recorded as a component of Additional paid-in capital. The strike price of the warrants was initially $255.64 per share of Liberty Series A common stock. In connection with the Series C common stock issuance and the Broadband Spin-Off during the current year, as discussed in note 1, the number of warrants outstanding was adjusted to 21,085,900 with a strike price of $64.46 per share.
The net proceeds from these transactions of $871 million will be used for general corporate purposes and approximately $200 million was used to pay down a portion of the revolving credit facility under the margin loans.
During the year ended December 31, 2013, in connection with Liberty's acquisition of Charter common stock and warrants, as discussed in note 8, Liberty, through certain of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, entered into three different margin loans with various financial institutions (“lender parties”) in order to fund the purchase. Each agreement contains language that indicates that Liberty, as borrower and transferor of underlying shares as collateral, has the right to exercise all voting, consensual and other powers of ownership pertaining to the transferred shares for all purposes, provided that Liberty agrees that it will not vote the shares in any manner that would reasonably be expected to give rise to transfer or other certain restrictions. Similarly, the loan agreements indicate that no lender party shall have any voting rights with respect to the shares transferred, except to the extent that a lender party buys any shares in a sale or other disposition made pursuant to the terms of the loan agreements. The margin loans consist of the following:
$1 Billion Margin Loan due 2015
On April 30, 2013, Liberty Siri MarginCo, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Liberty, entered into a margin loan agreement whereby Liberty Siri MarginCo, LLC borrowed $250 million pursuant to a term loan and $450 million pursuant to a revolving credit facility with various lender parties. Shares of common stock of certain of the Company’s equity affiliates and cost investments were pledged as collateral pursuant to this agreement. Borrowings under this agreement were due October 31, 2014 and bore interest equal to the three-month LIBOR plus a spread, based on the market value of the non-SIRIUS XM shares pledged as collateral pursuant to the agreement. Given the non-SIRIUS XM market value of the eligible pledged shares as of April 30, 2013, the initial interest rate on the loan was LIBOR plus 2%, which did not change since inception. Interest on the term loan was payable on the first business day of each calendar quarter, and interest was payable on the revolving line of credit on the last day of the interest period applicable to the borrowing of which such loan is a part. Additionally, up to $1 billion in loans may be extended under the loan agreement in the form of incremental loans, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions. During June 2013, Liberty Siri MarginCo, LLC repaid $250 million outstanding under the revolving credit facility. During October 2013, Liberty Siri MarginCo, LLC repaid an additional $200 million outstanding under the revolving credit facility.
During October 2014, Liberty refinanced this margin loan arrangement for a similar financial instrument with a term loan of $250 million and a $750 million undrawn line of credit. The term loan and any drawn portion of the revolver will carry an interest rate of LIBOR plus an applicable spread between 1.75% and 2.50% (based on value of collateral) with the undrawn portion carrying a fee of 0.75%. As of December 31, 2014, shares of SIRIUS XM, Live Nation, Time Warner, Inc. and Viacom, Inc. common stock were pledged as collateral pursuant to this agreement. Borrowings outstanding under this margin loan bear interest at a rate of 1.98% per annum at December 31, 2014. The maturity of the new arrangement is October 28, 2015. Other terms of the loan were substantially similar to the previous arrangement. As of December 31, 2014, availability under the revolving line of credit was $750 million.
$670 Million Margin Loan due 2015
At closing on May 1, 2013, LMC Cheetah 2, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Liberty, entered into a margin loan agreement with an availability of $670 million pursuant to a term loan with various lender parties ("$670 Million Margin Loan due 2015"). Shares of Charter common stock were pledged as collateral pursuant to this agreement. The $670 Million Margin Loan was due May 1, 2015 and bore interest equal to the three-month LIBOR plus 3.25%, payable on the first day of each of February, May, August and November throughout the term of the loan. As of December 31, 2013, Liberty had fully drawn the $670 Million Margin Loan due 2015. During the year ended December 31, 2014, Liberty fully repaid the $670 Million Margin Loan due 2015 and the shares previously pledged under the loan are no longer pledged as collateral.
As of December 31, 2014, the value of shares pledged as collateral pursuant to the $1 billion margin loan due 2015 is as follows:
The outstanding margin loan contains various affirmative and negative covenants that restrict the activities of the borrower. The loan agreement does not include any financial covenants.
SIRIUS XM Outstanding Debt
SIRIUS XM 7% Exchangeable Senior Subordinated Notes due 2014
In August 2008, SIRIUS XM issued $550 million aggregate principal amount of 7% Exchangeable Senior Subordinated Notes due 2014 (the “Exchangeable Notes”). The Exchangeable Notes were exchangeable at anytime at the option of the holder into shares of SIRIUS XM common stock at an exchange rate of 543.1372 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of the notes, which is equivalent to an approximate exchange price of $1.841 per share of common stock. All holders of the Exchangeable Notes converted prior to maturity on December 1, 2014. During the year ended December 31, 2014, $502 million principal amount of the Exchangeable Notes were converted in a non-cash financing transaction, resulting in the issuance of 272,855,859 shares of SIRIUS XM common stock. No loss was recognized as a result of the conversion. In connection with the conversion, Liberty received 5,974,510 shares of SIRIUS XM common stock upon maturity of the Exchangeable Notes.
SIRIUS XM 5.25% Senior Secured Notes due 2022
In August 2012, SIRIUS XM issued $400 million aggregate principal amount of 5.25% Senior Secured Notes due 2022 (the “5.25% Notes”). Interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year at a rate of 5.25% per annum. The 5.25% Notes mature on August 15, 2022. Substantially all of SIRIUS XM's domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries guarantee SIRIUS XM's obligations under the 5.25% Notes. The premium associated with the 5.25% Notes was recorded in purchase accounting as the difference between fair value and the outstanding principal amount at the date of acquisition. This premium is being amortized over the remaining period to maturity through interest expense.
In April 2014, SIRIUS XM entered into a supplemental indenture to the indenture governing the 5.25% Notes pursuant to which SIRIUS XM granted a first priority lien on substantially all of its assets and the guarantors to the holders of the 5.25% Notes. The liens securing the 5.25% Notes are equal and ratable to the liens granted to secure the Credit Facility (as defined and discussed below).
SIRIUS XM Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility
In December 2012, SIRIUS XM entered into a five-year senior secured revolving credit facility (the "Credit Facility") with a syndicate of financial institutions for $1,250 million. The Credit Facility is secured by substantially all of SIRIUS XM's assets and the assets of its subsidiaries. The proceeds of loans under the Credit Facility will be used for working capital and other general corporate purposes, including financing acquisitions, share repurchases and dividends. Interest on borrowings is payable on a monthly basis and accrues at a rate based on LIBOR plus an applicable rate. Borrowings outstanding under the Credit Facility as of December 31, 2014 bear interest at a rate of 2.41% per annum. SIRIUS XM is required to pay a variable fee on the average daily unused portion of the Credit Facility which is currently 0.35% per annum and is payable on a quarterly basis. The Credit Facility contains customary covenants, including a maintenance covenant.
As of December 31, 2014, availability under the Credit Facility was $870 million.
SIRIUS XM Senior Notes Due 2020 and 2023
In May 2013, SIRIUS XM issued $500 million of Senior Notes due 2020 which bear interest at an annual rate of 4.25% and $500 million of Senior Notes due 2023 which bear interest at an annual rate of 4.625%. SIRIUS XM received net proceeds of $989 million from the sale of the notes after deducting commissions, fees and expenses. Interest on the notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on May 15 and November 15 of each year. Substantially all of SIRIUS XM's domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries guarantee SIRIUS XM's obligations under the notes.
SIRIUS XM 5.75% Senior Notes Due 2021
During August 2013, SIRIUS XM issued $600 million of 5.75% Senior Notes due 2021 ("5.75% Notes"). Interest on the notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on February 1 and August 1 of each year at a rate of 5.75% per annum. Substantially all of SIRIUS XM's domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries guarantee SIRIUS XM's obligations under the notes. The 5.75% Notes were issued for $594 million.
SIRIUS XM 5.875% Senior Notes Due 2020
During September 2013, SIRIUS XM issued $650 million of 5.875% Senior Notes Due 2020 ("5.875% Notes"). Interest on the notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on April 1 and October 1 of each year at a rate of 5.875% per annum. Substantially all of SIRIUS XM's domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries guarantee SIRIUS XM's obligations under the notes. The 5.875% Notes were issued for $643 million.
SIRIUS XM 6.00% Senior Notes due 2024
In May 2014, SIRIUS XM issued $1.5 billion principal amount of new senior secured notes due 2024 at a discount of $17 million which bear interest at an annual rate of 6.00% ("SIRIUS XM 6.00% Senior Notes due 2024") paid semi-annually in January and July. SIRIUS XM intends to use the net proceeds from the offering for general corporate purposes. The notes are recorded net of the remaining unamortized original issue discount.
Other subsidiary debt
Other subsidiary debt is comprised of SIRIUS XM capital leases and other borrowings at ANLBC. In 2014, ANLBC, through a wholly-owned subsidiary, purchased 82 acres of land for the purpose of constructing a Major League Baseball facility and development of a mixed-use complex adjacent to the ballpark. The new facility is expected to cost approximately $672 million and ANLBC expects to spend approximately $50 million in other costs and equipment related to the new ballpark. Funding for the ballpark will be split between ANLBC, Cobb County and Cobb-Marietta Coliseum and Exhibit Hall Authority. Cobb-Marietta Coliseum and Exhibit Hall Authority and Cobb County will be responsible for funding $392 million of ballpark related construction and ANLBC will be responsible for remainder of cost, including cost overruns. Cobb-Marietta Coliseum and Exhibit Hall Authority will issue $368 million in bonds that are expected to close and fund in second half of 2015. In order to maintain an April 2017 opening of ballpark, ANLBC agreed to advance funds to cover project related cost until the Cobb-Marietta Coliseum and Exhibit Hall Authority bonds are funded. ANLBC funding for ballpark initiatives has come from cash reserves and utilization of two credit facilities with a capacity of $250 million. As of December 31, 2014, ANLBC has borrowed approximately $100 million under these two facilities. In addition, ANLBC through affiliated entities and outside development partners are in the process of developing land around the ballpark for a mixed-use complex, that is expected to feature retail, residential, office, hotel and entertainment opportunities. The expected cost for mixed-use development will be $452 million of which affiliated entities will be responsible for approximately $363 million of development cost.
The SIRIUS XM Credit Facility contains certain financial covenants related to SIRIUS XM's leverage ratio. Additionally, SIRIUS XM's Credit Facility and other borrowings contain certain non-financial covenants. As of December 31, 2014, the Company and SIRIUS XM were in compliance with all debt covenants.
Fair Value of Debt
The fair value, based on quoted market prices of the same instruments but not considered to be active markets (Level 2), of SIRIUS XM's publicly traded debt securities is as follows (amounts in millions):
Due to the variable rate nature of the Credit Facility, margin loans and other debt, the Company believes that the carrying amount approximates fair value at December 31, 2014.
Five Year Maturities
The annual principal maturities of outstanding debt obligations for each of the next five years is as follows (amounts in millions):
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef