|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2014
|Share-based Compensation [Abstract]|
Liberty - Incentive Plans
Pursuant to the Liberty Media Corporation 2013 Incentive Plan (the "2013 Plan"), the Company has granted and may grant to certain of its employees stock options and stock appreciation rights ("SARs") (collectively, "Awards") to purchase shares of Series A, Series B and Series C Liberty common stock. The 2013 Plan provides for Awards to be made in respect of a maximum of 75 million shares of Liberty common stock. Awards generally vest over 4-5 years and have a term of 7-10 years. Liberty issues new shares upon exercise of equity awards. The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an Award of equity instruments (such as stock options and restricted stock) based on the grant-date fair value of the Award, and recognizes that cost over the period during which the employee is required to provide service (usually the vesting period of the Award). The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an Award of liability instruments (such as SARs that will be settled in cash) based on the current fair value of the Award, and remeasures the fair value of the Award at each reporting date.
Pursuant to the Liberty Media Corporation 2013 Nonemployee Director Incentive Plan, as amended from time to time (the "2013 NDIP"), the Liberty Board of Directors has the full power and authority to grant eligible nonemployee directors stock options, SARs, stock options with tandem SARs, and restricted stock.
On July 23, 2014 a dividend of Series C common stock was distributed and adjustments to the Awards outstanding were required to reflect the changes to the capital structure of the Company. For every Series A Award held, two Series C Awards were issued with an exercise price equal to one third the exercise price of the outstanding Award. Additionally, the exercise price of the outstanding Series A Awards was adjusted to one third the exercise price associated with such Award. The change to outstanding Awards did not change the aggregate intrinsic value associated with the Awards outstanding just prior to the distribution and immediately following the distribution.
In connection with the Broadband Spin-Off in November 2014, all outstanding Liberty Awards were adjusted pursuant to the anti-dilution provisions of the incentive plans under which the equity awards were granted, such that a holder of a Liberty Award received:
The exercise prices and number of shares subject to the Adjusted Liberty Award and the Broadband Award were determined based on 1) the exercise prices and number of shares subject to the Liberty Award, 2) the distribution ratio, 3) the pre-distribution trading price of Liberty common stock and 4) the post-distribution trading prices of Liberty common stock and Liberty Broadband common stock, such that all of the pre-distribution intrinsic value of the Liberty Award was allocated between the Adjusted Liberty Award and the Broadband Award.
Following the Broadband Spin-Off, employees of Liberty hold Awards in both Liberty common stock and Liberty Broadband common stock. The compensation expense relating to employees of Liberty is recorded at Liberty.
Similarly, following the Starz Spin-Off during 2013, employees of Liberty and Starz hold Awards in both Liberty common stock and Starz common stock. The compensation expense relating to the employees of Liberty is recorded at Liberty and the compensation expense relating to employees of Starz is recorded at Starz.
Liberty - Grants of stock options
Awards granted in 2014, 2013 and 2012 pursuant to the Incentive Plans discussed above are summarized as follows:
During the year ended December 31, 2014, Liberty granted 3.3 million options to purchase Liberty Series C common stock to the CEO of Liberty in connection with a new employment agreement (see note 13); of those options, one half vest on December 24, 2018 and the other half vest on December 24, 2019. The remainder of the options granted typically vest quarterly over a 4 year vesting period.
During the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company entered into a series of transactions with certain officers of Liberty and its subsidiaries, which transactions were associated with stock options, in order to recognize tax deductions in the current year versus future years (the "Option Exchange"). On December 4, 2012 (the "Grant Date"), pursuant to the approval of the Compensation Committee of its Board of Directors, the Company effected the acceleration of each unvested in-the-money option to acquire shares of LMCA held by certain of its and its subsidiaries' officers (collectively, the “Eligible Optionholders”). Following this acceleration, also on the Grant Date, each Eligible Optionholder exercised, on a net settled basis, substantially all of his or her outstanding in-the-money vested and unvested options to acquire LMCA shares (the “Eligible Options”), and:
The Option Exchange was considered a modification under ASC 718 - Stock Compensation and resulted in incremental compensation expense in 2012 of $18 million. Incremental compensation expense is also being recognized over the remaining vesting periods of the new unvested options and the restricted shares and is included in unrecognized compensation until recognized over the vesting period.
The Company has calculated the grant-date fair value for all of its equity classified awards and any subsequent remeasurement of its liability classified awards using the Black-Scholes Model. The Company estimates the expected term of the Awards based on historical exercise and forfeiture data. For grants made in 2014, 2013 and 2012, the range of expected terms was 1.3 to 9.0 years. The volatility used in the calculation for Awards is based on the historical volatility of Liberty's stocks and the implied volatility of publicly traded Liberty options. The Company uses a zero dividend rate and the risk-free rate for Treasury Bonds with a term similar to that of the subject options.
The following table presents the volatilities used by the Company in the Black-Scholes Model for the 2014, 2013 and 2012 grants.
Liberty - Outstanding Awards
The following table presents the number and weighted average exercise price ("WAEP") of Awards to purchase Liberty common stock granted to certain officers, employees and directors of the Company, as well as the weighted average remaining life and aggregate intrinsic value of the Awards.
There were no outstanding Series B options during 2014.
As of December 31, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested Liberty Awards was approximately $58 million, including incremental compensation under the Option Exchange. Such amount will be recognized in the Company's consolidated statements of operations over a weighted average period of approximately 2.3 years.
Liberty - Exercises
The aggregate intrinsic value of all options exercised during the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012 was $17 million, $23 million and $494 million, respectively. The aggregate intrinsic value of options exercised for the year ended December 31, 2012 includes approximately $358 million related to the intrinsic value of options exercised as a result of the Option Exchange.
Liberty - Restricted Stock
Associated with the Option Exchange the Company issued unvested restricted shares of Liberty common stock, of which 594,000 shares remain unvested as of December 31, 2014. These shares continue to vest over the next year and since the Option Exchange was accounted for as a modification, the compensation expense associated with these restricted shares was treated as incremental compensation, as discussed above, and is included in unrecognized compensation costs under the outstanding Awards section above. The Company had approximately 224,000 unvested restricted shares of Liberty common stock held by certain directors, officers and employees of the Company as of December 31, 2014, not issued under the Option Exchange, with a weighted average grant-date fair value of $16.88 per share.
The aggregate fair value of all restricted shares of Liberty common stock that vested during the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012 was $1 million, $7 million and $10 million, respectively.
SIRIUS XM - Stock-based Compensation
During the year ended December 31, 2014, SIRIUS XM granted stock options and restricted stock units to its employees and members of its board of directors. SIRIUS XM also calculates the grant-date fair value for all of its equity classified awards and any subsequent remeasurement of its liability classified awards using the Black-Scholes Model. The weighted average volatility applied to the fair value determination of SIRIUS XM’s option grants during 2014 and 2013 was 33% and 47%, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2014, SIRIUS XM granted approximately 61.9 million stock options with a weighted-average exercise price of $3.39 per share and a grant date fair value of $1.05 per share. As of December 31, 2014, SIRIUS XM has approximately 268 million options outstanding of which approximately 121 million are exercisable, each with a weighted-average exercise price per share of $2.72 and $2.27, respectively. The aggregate intrinsic value of these outstanding and exercisable options was $246 million and $180 million, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2014, SIRIUS XM granted approximately 6.1 million restricted stock units with a grant date fair value of $3.38 per share. The stock-based compensation related to SIRIUS XM stock options and restricted stock awards was $148 million and $133 million for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. As of December 31, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested SIRIUS XM stock options was $236 million. The SIRIUS XM unrecognized compensation cost will be recognized in the Company's consolidated statements of operations over a weighted average period of approximately 2.4 years.
Certain of the Company's other subsidiaries have stock based compensation plans under which employees and non-employees are granted options or similar stock based awards. Awards made under these plans vest and become exercisable over various terms. The awards and compensation recorded, if any, under these plans is not significant to the Company.
The entire disclosure for compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation, which may include disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, allocation of equity compensation, incentive distributions, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, employee stock ownership plan details and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef