Information About Liberty's Operating Segments
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Information About Liberty's Operating Segments|
|Information About Liberty's Operating Segments||
(18) Information About Liberty’s Operating Segments
The Company, through its ownership interests in subsidiaries and other companies, is primarily engaged in the media and entertainment industries. The Company identifies its reportable segments as (A) those consolidated subsidiaries that represent 10% or more of its consolidated annual revenue, annual Adjusted OIBDA (as defined below) or total assets and (B) those equity method affiliates whose share of earnings (losses) represent 10% or more of the Company’s annual pre-tax earnings (loss). The segment presentation for prior periods has been conformed to the current period segment presentation.
The Company evaluates performance and makes decisions about allocating resources to its operating segments based on financial measures such as revenue and Adjusted OIBDA (as defined below). In addition, the Company reviews nonfinancial measures such as subscriber growth, churn and penetration.
For segment reporting purposes, the Company defines Adjusted OIBDA as revenue less operating expenses, and selling, general and administrative expenses excluding all stock-based compensation, separately reported litigation settlements and restructuring and impairment charges. The Company believes this measure is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of its businesses, by identifying those items that are not directly a reflection of each business’ performance or indicative of ongoing business trends. In addition, this measure allows management to view operating results and perform analytical comparisons and benchmarking between businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. This measure of performance excludes depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation, separately reported litigation settlements, restructuring, acquisition and impairment charges that are included in the measurement of operating income pursuant to GAAP. Accordingly, Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating income, net income, cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. The Company generally accounts for intersegment sales and transfers as if the sales or transfers were to third parties, that is, at current prices.
The Company has identified the following subsidiaries as its reportable segments:
The Company’s reportable segments are strategic business units that offer different products and services. They are managed separately because each segment requires different technologies, differing revenue sources and marketing strategies. The significant accounting policies of the segments that are also consolidated subsidiaries are the same as those described in the Company’s summary of significant policies.
As of December 31, 2020, Live Nation met the Company’s reportable segment threshold for equity method affiliates due to significant losses driven by COVID-19. Although the Company owns less than 100% of the outstanding shares of Live Nation, 100% of the Live Nation amount are included in the tables below and are subsequently eliminated in order to reconcile the account totals to the Company’s consolidated financial statements. As disclosed in note 2, the Company’s investment in Live Nation was reattributed from the Formula One Group to the Liberty SiriusXM Group effective April 22, 2020. Live Nation’s revenue and Adjusted OIBDA are reflected with the Formula One Group prior to the reattribution and with the Liberty SiriusXM Group following the reattribution.
As of December 31, 2019, this amount is primarily the intergroup interests in the Liberty SiriusXM Group and the Braves Group held by the Formula One Group, as discussed in note 2. The intergroup interests attributable to the Formula One Group are presented as an asset and the intergroup interests attributable to the Liberty SiriusXM Group and the Braves Group are presented as liabilities in the attributed financial statements and the offsetting amounts between tracking stock groups are eliminated in consolidation.
The following table provides a reconciliation of Adjusted OIBDA to Operating income (loss) and Earnings (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes:
Revenue by Geographic Area
Revenue by geographic area based on the country of domicile is as follows:
Long-lived Assets by Geographic Area
The entire disclosure for reporting segments including data and tables. Reportable segments include those that meet any of the following quantitative thresholds a) it's reported revenue, including sales to external customers and intersegment sales or transfers is 10 percent or more of the combined revenue, internal and external, of all operating segments b) the absolute amount of its reported profit or loss is 10 percent or more of the greater, in absolute amount of 1) the combined reported profit of all operating segments that did not report a loss or 2) the combined reported loss of all operating segments that did report a loss c) its assets are 10 percent or more of the combined assets of all operating segments.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef